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企业级高可用Kubernetes1.20.x集群(二进制)

船长
2022-01-29 / 0 评论 / 2 点赞 / 803 阅读 / 61,772 字
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背景

二进制部署Kubernetes虽然手动部署比较复杂,部署期间还可以学习很多工作原理,也利于后期维护。在企业级环境中可以编写ansible playbook自动化安装二进制kubernetes集群更方便,更高效!
在生产环境中,建议使用小版本大于5的Kubernetes版本,比如1.20.5以后的才可用于生产环境。

集群环境

hostnameIPOSsoftware
k8s-master01192.168.1.101CentOS Linux release 7.5etcd、apiserver、scheduler、-controller-manager、kube-proxy、kubelet
k8s-master02192.168.1.102CentOS Linux release 7.5etcd、apiserver、scheduler、-controller-manager、kube-proxy、kubelet
k8s-master03192.168.1.103CentOS Linux release 7.5etcd、apiserver、scheduler、-controller-manager、kube-proxy、kubelet
k8s-node01192.168.1.104CentOS Linux release 7.5kube-proxy、kubelet
k8s-node02192.168.1.105CentOS Linux release 7.5kube-proxy、kubelet
haproxy01192.168.1.106CentOS Linux release 7.5haproxy、keepalived
haproxy02192.168.1.107CentOS Linux release 7.5haproxy、keepalived
VIP192.168.1.111CentOS Linux release 7.5IPVS

基本环境配置

配置所有节点hosts:

[root@k8s-master01 ~]# cat /etc/hosts
127.0.0.1   localhost localhost.localdomain localhost4 localhost4.localdomain4
::1         localhost localhost.localdomain localhost6 localhost6.localdomain6
192.168.1.101 k8s-master01
192.168.1.102 k8s-master02
192.168.1.103 k8s-master03
192.168.1.104 k8s-node01
192.168.1.105 k8s-node02

CentOS 7安装yum源如下:

curl -o /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Base.repo https://mirrors.aliyun.com/repo/Centos-7.repo
yum install -y yum-utils device-mapper-persistent-data lvm2
yum-config-manager --add-repo https://mirrors.aliyun.com/docker-ce/linux/centos/docker-ce.repo
sed -i -e '/mirrors.cloud.aliyuncs.com/d' -e '/mirrors.aliyuncs.com/d' /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Base.repo

必备工具安装

yum install wget jq psmisc vim net-tools telnet yum-utils device-mapper-persistent-data lvm2 git -y

所有节点关闭firewalld 、dnsmasq、selinux(CentOS7需要关闭NetworkManager,CentOS8不需要)

systemctl disable --now firewalld 
systemctl disable --now dnsmasq
systemctl disable --now NetworkManager

setenforce 0
sed -i 's#SELINUX=enforcing#SELINUX=disabled#g' /etc/sysconfig/selinux
sed -i 's#SELINUX=enforcing#SELINUX=disabled#g' /etc/selinux/config

所有节点关闭swap分区,fstab注释swap

swapoff -a && sysctl -w vm.swappiness=0
sed -ri '/^[^#]*swap/s@^@#@' /etc/fstab

所有节点同步时间

rpm -ivh http://mirrors.wlnmp.com/centos/wlnmp-release-centos.noarch.rpm
yum install ntpdate -y

ln -sf /usr/share/zoneinfo/Asia/Shanghai /etc/localtime
echo 'Asia/Shanghai' >/etc/timezone
ntpdate time2.aliyun.com
# 加入到crontab
*/5 * * * * /usr/sbin/ntpdate time2.aliyun.com

所有节点配置limit:

ulimit -SHn 65535

vim /etc/security/limits.conf
# 末尾添加如下内容
* soft nofile 655360
* hard nofile 131072
* soft nproc 655350
* hard nproc 655350
* soft memlock unlimited
* hard memlock unlimited 

Master01节点免密钥登录其他节点,安装过程中生成配置文件和证书均在Master01上操作,集群管理也在Master01上操作,阿里云或者AWS上需要单独一台kubectl服务器。密钥配置如下:

[root@k8s-master01 ~]# ssh-keygen -t rsa

Master01配置免密码登录其他节点

[root@k8s-master01 ~]# for i in k8s-master01 k8s-master02 k8s-master03 k8s-node01 k8s-node02;do ssh-copy-id -i .ssh/id_rsa.pub $i;done

所有节点安装基本工具

yum install wget jq psmisc vim net-tools yum-utils device-mapper-persistent-data lvm2 git -y

所有节点安装ipvsadm:

yum install ipvsadm ipset sysstat conntrack libseccomp -y

所有节点配置ipvs模块,在内核4.19+版本nf_conntrack_ipv4已经改为nf_conntrack, 4.18以下使用nf_conntrack_ipv4即可:

modprobe -- ip_vs
modprobe -- ip_vs_rr
modprobe -- ip_vs_wrr
modprobe -- ip_vs_sh
modprobe -- nf_conntrack
vim /etc/modules-load.d/ipvs.conf 
	# 加入以下内容
ip_vs
ip_vs_lc
ip_vs_wlc
ip_vs_rr
ip_vs_wrr
ip_vs_lblc
ip_vs_lblcr
ip_vs_dh
ip_vs_sh
ip_vs_fo
ip_vs_nq
ip_vs_sed
ip_vs_ftp
ip_vs_sh
nf_conntrack
ip_tables
ip_set
xt_set
ipt_set
ipt_rpfilter
ipt_REJECT
ipip

$ systemctl enable --now systemd-modules-load.service

检查是否加载:

[root@k8s-master01 ~]# lsmod | grep -e ip_vs -e nf_conntrack
nf_conntrack_ipv4      16384  23 
nf_defrag_ipv4         16384  1 nf_conntrack_ipv4
nf_conntrack          135168  10 xt_conntrack,nf_conntrack_ipv6,nf_conntrack_ipv4,nf_nat,nf_nat_ipv6,ipt_MASQUERADE,nf_nat_ipv4,xt_nat,nf_conntrack_netlink,ip_vs

开启一些k8s集群中必须的内核参数,所有节点配置k8s内核:

cat <<EOF > /etc/sysctl.d/k8s.conf
net.ipv4.ip_forward = 1
net.bridge.bridge-nf-call-iptables = 1
net.bridge.bridge-nf-call-ip6tables = 1
fs.may_detach_mounts = 1
vm.overcommit_memory=1
vm.panic_on_oom=0
fs.inotify.max_user_watches=89100
fs.file-max=52706963
fs.nr_open=52706963
net.netfilter.nf_conntrack_max=2310720

net.ipv4.tcp_keepalive_time = 600
net.ipv4.tcp_keepalive_probes = 3
net.ipv4.tcp_keepalive_intvl =15
net.ipv4.tcp_max_tw_buckets = 36000
net.ipv4.tcp_tw_reuse = 1
net.ipv4.tcp_max_orphans = 327680
net.ipv4.tcp_orphan_retries = 3
net.ipv4.tcp_syncookies = 1
net.ipv4.tcp_max_syn_backlog = 16384
net.ipv4.ip_conntrack_max = 65536
net.ipv4.tcp_max_syn_backlog = 16384
net.ipv4.tcp_timestamps = 0
net.core.somaxconn = 16384
EOF
sysctl --system

所有节点配置完内核后,重启服务器,保证重启后内核依旧加载

reboot
lsmod | grep --color=auto -e ip_vs -e nf_conntrack

基本组件安装

主要安装的是集群中用到的各种组件,比如Docker-ce、Kubernetes各组件等。

Docker 安装

所有节点安装Docker-ce 19.03

yum install docker-ce-19.03.* -y

由于新版kubelet建议使用systemd,所以可以把docker的CgroupDriver改成systemd
mkdir /etc/docker
cat > /etc/docker/daemon.json <<EOF
{
  "exec-opts": ["native.cgroupdriver=systemd"]
}
EOF

所有节点设置开机自启动Docker:
systemctl daemon-reload && systemctl enable --now docker

分发软件包

以下操作都在master01执行:

Master01下载kubernetes安装包

[root@k8s-master01 ~]# wget https://storage.googleapis.com/kubernetes-release/release/v1.20.13/kubernetes-server-linux-amd64.tar.gz

下载etcd安装包

[root@k8s-master01 ~]# wget https://github.com/etcd-io/etcd/releases/download/v3.4.13/etcd-v3.4.13-linux-amd64.tar.gz

解压kubernetes安装文件

[root@k8s-master01 ~]# tar -xf kubernetes-server-linux-amd64.tar.gz  --strip-components=3 -C /usr/local/bin kubernetes/server/bin/kube{let,ctl,-apiserver,-controller-manager,-scheduler,-proxy}

解压etcd安装文件

[root@k8s-master01 ~]#  tar -zxvf etcd-v3.4.13-linux-amd64.tar.gz --strip-components=1 -C /usr/local/bin etcd-v3.4.13-linux-amd64/etcd{,ctl}
版本查看
[root@k8s-master01 ~]# kubelet --version
Kubernetes v1.20.13
[root@k8s-master01 ~]# etcdctl version
etcdctl version: 3.4.13
API version: 3.4 

将组件发送到其他节点

MasterNodes='k8s-master02 k8s-master03'
WorkNodes='k8s-node01 k8s-node02'
for NODE in $MasterNodes; do echo $NODE; scp /usr/local/bin/kube{let,ctl,-apiserver,-controller-manager,-scheduler,-proxy} $NODE:/usr/local/bin/; scp /usr/local/bin/etcd* $NODE:/usr/local/bin/; done
for NODE in $WorkNodes; do     scp /usr/local/bin/kube{let,-proxy} $NODE:/usr/local/bin/ ; done

所有节点创建/opt/cni/bin目录

mkdir -p /opt/cni/bin

生成证书

二进制安装最关键步骤,一步错误全盘皆输,一定要注意每个步骤都要是正确的

Master01下载生成证书工具

wget "https://pkg.cfssl.org/R1.2/cfssl_linux-amd64" -O /usr/local/bin/cfssl
wget "https://pkg.cfssl.org/R1.2/cfssljson_linux-amd64" -O /usr/local/bin/cfssljson
chmod +x /usr/local/bin/cfssl /usr/local/bin/cfssljson

etcd 证书

所有Master节点创建etcd证书目录

mkdir /etc/etcd/ssl -p

所有节点创建kubernetes相关目录

mkdir -p /etc/kubernetes/pki

Master01节点生成etcd证书

生成证书的CSR文件:证书签名请求文件,配置了一些域名、公司、单位

[root@k8s-master01 pki]# cd /root/k8s-ha-install/pki

# 生成etcd CA证书和CA证书的key

cat etcd-ca-csr.json
{
  "CN": "etcd",
  "key": {
    "algo": "rsa",
    "size": 2048
  },
  "names": [
    {
      "C": "CN",
      "ST": "Beijing",
      "L": "Beijing",
      "O": "etcd",
      "OU": "Etcd Security"
    }
  ],
  "ca": {
    "expiry": "876000h"
  }
}


cat etcd-csr.json
{
  "CN": "etcd",
  "key": {
    "algo": "rsa",
    "size": 2048
  },
  "names": [
    {
      "C": "CN",
      "ST": "Beijing",
      "L": "Beijing",
      "O": "etcd",
      "OU": "Etcd Security"
    }
  ]
}


cfssl gencert -initca etcd-ca-csr.json | cfssljson -bare /etc/etcd/ssl/etcd-ca


cfssl gencert \
   -ca=/etc/etcd/ssl/etcd-ca.pem \
   -ca-key=/etc/etcd/ssl/etcd-ca-key.pem \
   -config=ca-config.json \
   -hostname=127.0.0.1,k8s-master01,k8s-master02,k8s-master03,192.168.1.101,192.168.1.102,192.168.1.103 \
   -profile=kubernetes \
   etcd-csr.json | cfssljson -bare /etc/etcd/ssl/etcd
   
# 执行结果
2021/11/26 22:48:00 [INFO] generate received request
2021/11/26 22:48:00 [INFO] received CSR
2021/11/26 22:48:00 [INFO] generating key: rsa-2048
2021/11/26 22:48:01 [INFO] encoded CSR
2021/11/26 22:48:01 [INFO] signed certificate with serial number 250230878926052708909595617022917808304837732033

将证书复制到其他节点

MasterNodes='k8s-master02 k8s-master03'
WorkNodes='k8s-node01 k8s-node02'

for NODE in $MasterNodes; do
     ssh $NODE "mkdir -p /etc/etcd/ssl"
     for FILE in etcd-ca-key.pem  etcd-ca.pem  etcd-key.pem  etcd.pem; do
       scp /etc/etcd/ssl/${FILE} $NODE:/etc/etcd/ssl/${FILE}
     done
 done

apiserver证书


[root@k8s-master01 ~]# cat ca-csr.json 
{
  "CN": "kubernetes",
  "key": {
    "algo": "rsa",
    "size": 2048
  },
  "names": [
    {
      "C": "CN",
      "ST": "Beijing",
      "L": "Beijing",
      "O": "Kubernetes",
      "OU": "Kubernetes-manual"
    }
  ],
  "ca": {
    "expiry": "876000h"
  }
}

cfssl gencert -initca ca-csr.json | cfssljson -bare /etc/kubernetes/pki/ca

# 10.96.0.是k8s service的网段,如果说需要更改k8s service网段,那就需要更改10.96.0.1,
[root@k8s-master01 ~]# cat ca-config.json 
{
  "signing": {
    "default": {
      "expiry": "876000h"
    },
    "profiles": {
      "kubernetes": {
        "usages": [
            "signing",
            "key encipherment",
            "server auth",
            "client auth"
        ],
        "expiry": "876000h"
      }
    }
  }
}
[root@k8s-master01 ~]# cat apiserver-csr.json 
{
  "CN": "kube-apiserver",
  "key": {
    "algo": "rsa",
    "size": 2048
  },
  "names": [
    {
      "C": "CN",
      "ST": "Beijing",
      "L": "Beijing",
      "O": "Kubernetes",
      "OU": "Kubernetes-manual"
    }
  ]
}

# 如果不是高可用集群,192.168.1.111为Master01的IP
cfssl gencert -ca=/etc/kubernetes/pki/ca.pem   -ca-key=/etc/kubernetes/pki/ca-key.pem   -config=ca-config.json   -hostname=10.96.0.1,192.168.1.111,127.0.0.1,kubernetes,kubernetes.default,kubernetes.default.svc,kubernetes.default.svc.cluster,kubernetes.default.svc.cluster.local,192.168.1.101,192.168.1.102,192.168.1.103   -profile=kubernetes   apiserver-csr.json | cfssljson -bare /etc/kubernetes/pki/apiserver



生成apiserver的聚合证书

[root@k8s-master01 ~]# cat front-proxy-ca-csr.json
{
  "CN": "kubernetes",
  "key": {
     "algo": "rsa",
     "size": 2048
  }
}

[root@k8s-master01 ~]# cat front-proxy-client-csr.json 
{
  "CN": "front-proxy-client",
  "key": {
     "algo": "rsa",
     "size": 2048
  }
}

cfssl gencert   -initca front-proxy-ca-csr.json | cfssljson -bare /etc/kubernetes/pki/front-proxy-ca 

cfssl gencert   -ca=/etc/kubernetes/pki/front-proxy-ca.pem   -ca-key=/etc/kubernetes/pki/front-proxy-ca-key.pem   -config=ca-config.json   -profile=kubernetes   front-proxy-client-csr.json | cfssljson -bare /etc/kubernetes/pki/front-proxy-client

controller-manage证书

[root@k8s-master01 ~]# cat manager-csr.json 
{
  "CN": "system:kube-controller-manager",
  "key": {
    "algo": "rsa",
    "size": 2048
  },
  "names": [
    {
      "C": "CN",
      "ST": "Beijing",
      "L": "Beijing",
      "O": "system:kube-controller-manager",
      "OU": "Kubernetes-manual"
    }
  ]
}

cfssl gencert \
   -ca=/etc/kubernetes/pki/ca.pem \
   -ca-key=/etc/kubernetes/pki/ca-key.pem \
   -config=ca-config.json \
   -profile=kubernetes \
   manager-csr.json | cfssljson -bare /etc/kubernetes/pki/controller-manager

# 注意,如果不是高可用集群,192.168.1,111:6443改为master01的地址
# set-cluster:设置一个集群项,

kubectl config set-cluster kubernetes \
     --certificate-authority=/etc/kubernetes/pki/ca.pem \
     --embed-certs=true \
     --server=https://192.168.1.111:6443 \
     --kubeconfig=/etc/kubernetes/controller-manager.kubeconfig

# 设置一个环境项,一个上下文
kubectl config set-context system:kube-controller-manager@kubernetes \
    --cluster=kubernetes \
    --user=system:kube-controller-manager \
    --kubeconfig=/etc/kubernetes/controller-manager.kubeconfig

# set-credentials 设置一个用户项

kubectl config set-credentials system:kube-controller-manager \
     --client-certificate=/etc/kubernetes/pki/controller-manager.pem \
     --client-key=/etc/kubernetes/pki/controller-manager-key.pem \
     --embed-certs=true \
     --kubeconfig=/etc/kubernetes/controller-manager.kubeconfig


# 使用某个环境当做默认环境

kubectl config use-context system:kube-controller-manager@kubernetes \
     --kubeconfig=/etc/kubernetes/controller-manager.kubeconfig

scheduler证书

[root@k8s-master01 ~]# cat scheduler-csr.json 
{
  "CN": "system:kube-scheduler",
  "key": {
    "algo": "rsa",
    "size": 2048
  },
  "names": [
    {
      "C": "CN",
      "ST": "Beijing",
      "L": "Beijing",
      "O": "system:kube-scheduler",
      "OU": "Kubernetes-manual"
    }
  ]
}

cfssl gencert \
   -ca=/etc/kubernetes/pki/ca.pem \
   -ca-key=/etc/kubernetes/pki/ca-key.pem \
   -config=ca-config.json \
   -profile=kubernetes \
   scheduler-csr.json | cfssljson -bare /etc/kubernetes/pki/scheduler
   
# 注意,如果不是高可用集群,192.168.1.111:6443改为master01的地址
kubectl config set-cluster kubernetes \
     --certificate-authority=/etc/kubernetes/pki/ca.pem \
     --embed-certs=true \
     --server=https://192.168.1.111:6443 \
     --kubeconfig=/etc/kubernetes/scheduler.kubeconfig

kubectl config set-credentials system:kube-scheduler \
     --client-certificate=/etc/kubernetes/pki/scheduler.pem \
     --client-key=/etc/kubernetes/pki/scheduler-key.pem \
     --embed-certs=true \
     --kubeconfig=/etc/kubernetes/scheduler.kubeconfig

kubectl config set-context system:kube-scheduler@kubernetes \
     --cluster=kubernetes \
     --user=system:kube-scheduler \
     --kubeconfig=/etc/kubernetes/scheduler.kubeconfig


kubectl config use-context system:kube-scheduler@kubernetes \
     --kubeconfig=/etc/kubernetes/scheduler.kubeconfig

admin证书

[root@k8s-master01 ~]# cat admin-csr.json 
{
  "CN": "admin",
  "key": {
    "algo": "rsa",
    "size": 2048
  },
  "names": [
    {
      "C": "CN",
      "ST": "Beijing",
      "L": "Beijing",
      "O": "system:masters",
      "OU": "Kubernetes-manual"
    }
  ]
}

cfssl gencert \
   -ca=/etc/kubernetes/pki/ca.pem \
   -ca-key=/etc/kubernetes/pki/ca-key.pem \
   -config=ca-config.json \
   -profile=kubernetes \
   admin-csr.json | cfssljson -bare /etc/kubernetes/pki/admin
   
# 注意,如果不是高可用集群,192.168.1.111:6443改为master01的地址
kubectl config set-cluster kubernetes     --certificate-authority=/etc/kubernetes/pki/ca.pem     --embed-certs=true     --server=https://192.168.1.111:6443     --kubeconfig=/etc/kubernetes/admin.kubeconfig
kubectl config set-credentials kubernetes-admin     --client-certificate=/etc/kubernetes/pki/admin.pem     --client-key=/etc/kubernetes/pki/admin-key.pem     --embed-certs=true     --kubeconfig=/etc/kubernetes/admin.kubeconfig


kubectl config set-context kubernetes-admin@kubernetes     --cluster=kubernetes     --user=kubernetes-admin     --kubeconfig=/etc/kubernetes/admin.kubeconfig


kubectl config use-context kubernetes-admin@kubernetes     --kubeconfig=/etc/kubernetes/admin.kubeconfig

创建ServiceAccount Key secret

openssl genrsa -out /etc/kubernetes/pki/sa.key 2048

返回结果
Generating RSA private key, 2048 bit long modulus (2 primes)
...................................................................................+++++
...............+++++
e is 65537 (0x010001)

openssl rsa -in /etc/kubernetes/pki/sa.key -pubout -out /etc/kubernetes/pki/sa.pub
 

发送证书至其他节点

for NODE in k8s-master02 k8s-master03; do 
for FILE in $(ls /etc/kubernetes/pki | grep -v etcd); do 
scp /etc/kubernetes/pki/${FILE} $NODE:/etc/kubernetes/pki/${FILE};
done; 
for FILE in admin.kubeconfig controller-manager.kubeconfig scheduler.kubeconfig; do 
scp /etc/kubernetes/${FILE} $NODE:/etc/kubernetes/${FILE};
done;
done
[root@k8s-master01 pki]# ll /etc/kubernetes/pki/
total 92
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 1025 Nov 26 10:52 admin.csr
-rw------- 1 root root 1679 Nov 26 10:52 admin-key.pem
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 1444 Nov 26 10:52 admin.pem
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 1029 Nov 26 10:49 apiserver.csr
-rw------- 1 root root 1675 Nov 26 10:49 apiserver-key.pem
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 1692 Nov 26 10:49 apiserver.pem
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 1025 Nov 26 10:47 ca.csr
-rw------- 1 root root 1679 Nov 26 10:47 ca-key.pem
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 1411 Nov 26 10:47 ca.pem
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 1082 Nov 26 10:50 controller-manager.csr
-rw------- 1 root root 1675 Nov 26 10:50 controller-manager-key.pem
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 1501 Nov 26 10:50 controller-manager.pem
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root  891 Nov 26 10:49 front-proxy-ca.csr
-rw------- 1 root root 1679 Nov 26 10:49 front-proxy-ca-key.pem
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 1143 Nov 26 10:49 front-proxy-ca.pem
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root  903 Nov 26 10:49 front-proxy-client.csr
-rw------- 1 root root 1675 Nov 26 10:49 front-proxy-client-key.pem
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 1188 Nov 26 10:49 front-proxy-client.pem
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 1679 Nov 26 10:53 sa.key
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root  451 Nov 26 10:53 sa.pub
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 1058 Nov 26 10:51 scheduler.csr
-rw------- 1 root root 1679 Nov 26 10:51 scheduler-key.pem
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 1476 Nov 26 10:51 scheduler.pem
[root@k8s-master01 pki]# ls /etc/kubernetes/pki/ |wc -l
23

ETCD 配置

etcd配置大致相同,注意修改每个Master节点的etcd配置的主机名和IP地址

Master01

vim /etc/etcd/etcd.config.yml
name: 'k8s-master01'
data-dir: /var/lib/etcd
wal-dir: /var/lib/etcd/wal
snapshot-count: 5000
heartbeat-interval: 100
election-timeout: 1000
quota-backend-bytes: 0
listen-peer-urls: 'https://192.168.1.101:2380'
listen-client-urls: 'https://192.168.1.101:2379,http://127.0.0.1:2379'
max-snapshots: 3
max-wals: 5
cors:
initial-advertise-peer-urls: 'https://192.168.1.101:2380'
advertise-client-urls: 'https://192.168.1.101:2379'
discovery:
discovery-fallback: 'proxy'
discovery-proxy:
discovery-srv:
initial-cluster: 'k8s-master01=https://192.168.1.101:2380,k8s-master02=https://192.168.1.102:2380,k8s-master03=https://192.168.1.103:2380'
initial-cluster-token: 'etcd-k8s-cluster'
initial-cluster-state: 'new'
strict-reconfig-check: false
enable-v2: true
enable-pprof: true
proxy: 'off'
proxy-failure-wait: 5000
proxy-refresh-interval: 30000
proxy-dial-timeout: 1000
proxy-write-timeout: 5000
proxy-read-timeout: 0
client-transport-security:
  cert-file: '/etc/kubernetes/pki/etcd/etcd.pem'
  key-file: '/etc/kubernetes/pki/etcd/etcd-key.pem'
  client-cert-auth: true
  trusted-ca-file: '/etc/kubernetes/pki/etcd/etcd-ca.pem'
  auto-tls: true
peer-transport-security:
  cert-file: '/etc/kubernetes/pki/etcd/etcd.pem'
  key-file: '/etc/kubernetes/pki/etcd/etcd-key.pem'
  peer-client-cert-auth: true
  trusted-ca-file: '/etc/kubernetes/pki/etcd/etcd-ca.pem'
  auto-tls: true
debug: false
log-package-levels:
log-outputs: [default]
force-new-cluster: false

Master02

vim /etc/etcd/etcd.config.yml
name: 'k8s-master02'
data-dir: /var/lib/etcd
wal-dir: /var/lib/etcd/wal
snapshot-count: 5000
heartbeat-interval: 100
election-timeout: 1000
quota-backend-bytes: 0
listen-peer-urls: 'https://192.168.1.102:2380'
listen-client-urls: 'https://192.168.1.102:2379,http://127.0.0.1:2379'
max-snapshots: 3
max-wals: 5
cors:
initial-advertise-peer-urls: 'https://192.168.1.102:2380'
advertise-client-urls: 'https://192.168.1.102:2379'
discovery:
discovery-fallback: 'proxy'
discovery-proxy:
discovery-srv:
initial-cluster: 'k8s-master01=https://192.168.1.101:2380,k8s-master02=https://192.168.1.102:2380,k8s-master03=https://192.168.1.103:2380'
initial-cluster-token: 'etcd-k8s-cluster'
initial-cluster-state: 'new'
strict-reconfig-check: false
enable-v2: true
enable-pprof: true
proxy: 'off'
proxy-failure-wait: 5000
proxy-refresh-interval: 30000
proxy-dial-timeout: 1000
proxy-write-timeout: 5000
proxy-read-timeout: 0
client-transport-security:
  cert-file: '/etc/kubernetes/pki/etcd/etcd.pem'
  key-file: '/etc/kubernetes/pki/etcd/etcd-key.pem'
  client-cert-auth: true
  trusted-ca-file: '/etc/kubernetes/pki/etcd/etcd-ca.pem'
  auto-tls: true
peer-transport-security:
  cert-file: '/etc/kubernetes/pki/etcd/etcd.pem'
  key-file: '/etc/kubernetes/pki/etcd/etcd-key.pem'
  peer-client-cert-auth: true
  trusted-ca-file: '/etc/kubernetes/pki/etcd/etcd-ca.pem'
  auto-tls: true
debug: false
log-package-levels:
log-outputs: [default]
force-new-cluster: false

Master03

vim /etc/etcd/etcd.config.yml
name: 'k8s-master03'
data-dir: /var/lib/etcd
wal-dir: /var/lib/etcd/wal
snapshot-count: 5000
heartbeat-interval: 100
election-timeout: 1000
quota-backend-bytes: 0
listen-peer-urls: 'https://192.168.1.103:2380'
listen-client-urls: 'https://192.168.1.103:2379,http://127.0.0.1:2379'
max-snapshots: 3
max-wals: 5
cors:
initial-advertise-peer-urls: 'https://192.168.1.103:2380'
advertise-client-urls: 'https://192.168.1.103:2379'
discovery:
discovery-fallback: 'proxy'
discovery-proxy:
discovery-srv:
initial-cluster: 'k8s-master01=https://192.168.1.101:2380,k8s-master02=https://192.168.1.102:2380,k8s-master03=https://192.168.1.103:2380'
initial-cluster-token: 'etcd-k8s-cluster'
initial-cluster-state: 'new'
strict-reconfig-check: false
enable-v2: true
enable-pprof: true
proxy: 'off'
proxy-failure-wait: 5000
proxy-refresh-interval: 30000
proxy-dial-timeout: 1000
proxy-write-timeout: 5000
proxy-read-timeout: 0
client-transport-security:
  cert-file: '/etc/kubernetes/pki/etcd/etcd.pem'
  key-file: '/etc/kubernetes/pki/etcd/etcd-key.pem'
  client-cert-auth: true
  trusted-ca-file: '/etc/kubernetes/pki/etcd/etcd-ca.pem'
  auto-tls: true
peer-transport-security:
  cert-file: '/etc/kubernetes/pki/etcd/etcd.pem'
  key-file: '/etc/kubernetes/pki/etcd/etcd-key.pem'
  peer-client-cert-auth: true
  trusted-ca-file: '/etc/kubernetes/pki/etcd/etcd-ca.pem'
  auto-tls: true
debug: false
log-package-levels:
log-outputs: [default]
force-new-cluster: false

启动ETCD

所有Master节点创建etcd service并启动

vim /usr/lib/systemd/system/etcd.service
[Unit]
Description=Etcd Service
Documentation=https://coreos.com/etcd/docs/latest/
After=network.target

[Service]
Type=notify
ExecStart=/usr/local/bin/etcd --config-file=/etc/etcd/etcd.config.yml
Restart=on-failure
RestartSec=10
LimitNOFILE=65536

[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target
Alias=etcd3.service

所有Master节点创建etcd的证书目录

mkdir /etc/kubernetes/pki/etcd
ln -s /etc/etcd/ssl/* /etc/kubernetes/pki/etcd/
systemctl daemon-reload
systemctl enable --now etcd

查看etcd状态

export ETCDCTL_API=3
etcdctl --endpoints="192.168.1.101:2379,192.168.1.102:2379,192.168.1.103:2379" --cacert=/etc/kubernetes/pki/etcd/etcd-ca.pem --cert=/etc/kubernetes/pki/etcd/etcd.pem --key=/etc/kubernetes/pki/etcd/etcd-key.pem  endpoint status --write-out=table

高可用配置

所有haproxy节点安装keepalived和haproxy·

yum install keepalived haproxy -y

所有haproxy配置HAProxy,配置一样

vim /etc/haproxy/haproxy.cfg 
global
  maxconn  2000
  ulimit-n  16384
  log  127.0.0.1 local0 err
  stats timeout 30s

defaults
  log global
  mode  http
  option  httplog
  timeout connect 5000
  timeout client  50000
  timeout server  50000
  timeout http-request 15s
  timeout http-keep-alive 15s

frontend k8s-master
  bind 0.0.0.0:6443
  bind 127.0.0.1:6443
  mode tcp
  option tcplog
  tcp-request inspect-delay 5s
  default_backend k8s-master

backend k8s-master
  mode tcp
  option tcplog
  option tcp-check
  balance roundrobin
  default-server inter 10s downinter 5s rise 2 fall 2 slowstart 60s maxconn 250 maxqueue 256 weight 100
  server k8s-master01    192.168.1.101:6443  check
  server k8s-master02    192.168.1.102:6443  check
  server k8s-master03    192.168.1.103:6443  check

keepalived01

所有Haproxy节点配置KeepAlived,配置不一样,注意区分 vim /etc/keepalived/keepalived.conf ,注意每个节点的IP和网卡(interface参数)

! Configuration File for keepalived
global_defs {
    router_id LVS_DEVEL
}
vrrp_script chk_apiserver {
    script "/etc/keepalived/check_apiserver.sh"
    interval 5 
    weight -5
    fall 2
    rise 1
}
vrrp_instance VI_1 {
    state MASTER
    interface ens33
    mcast_src_ip 192.168.1.106
    virtual_router_id 51
    priority 100
    nopreempt
    advert_int 2
    authentication {
        auth_type PASS
        auth_pass K8SHA_KA_AUTH
    }
    virtual_ipaddress {
        192.168.1.111
    }
    track_script {
      chk_apiserver 
} }

keepalived02

! Configuration File for keepalived
global_defs {
    router_id LVS_DEVEL
}
vrrp_script chk_apiserver {
    script "/etc/keepalived/check_apiserver.sh"
    interval 5 
    weight -5
    fall 2
    rise 1
 
}
vrrp_instance VI_1 {
    state BACKUP
    interface ens33
    mcast_src_ip 192.168.1.107
    virtual_router_id 51
    priority 90
    nopreempt
    advert_int 2
    authentication {
        auth_type PASS
        auth_pass K8SHA_KA_AUTH
    }
    virtual_ipaddress {
        192.168.1.111
    }
    track_script {
      chk_apiserver 
} }

健康检查配置

所有haproxy节点

cat /etc/keepalived/check_apiserver.sh 

#!/bin/bash

err=0
for k in $(seq 1 3)
do
    check_code=$(pgrep haproxy)
    if [[ $check_code == "" ]]; then
        err=$(expr $err + 1)
        sleep 1
        continue
    else
        err=0
        break
    fi
done

if [[ $err != "0" ]]; then
    echo "systemctl stop keepalived"
    /usr/bin/systemctl stop keepalived
    exit 1
else
    exit 0
fi

chmod +x /etc/keepalived/check_apiserver.sh

所有master节点启动haproxy和keepalived

[root@haproxy01 keepalived]# systemctl daemon-reload
[root@haproxy02 keepalived]# systemctl daemon-reload
[root@haproxy01 keepalived]# systemctl enable --now haproxy
[roothaproxy02 keepalived]# systemctl enable --now keepalived

Kubernetes组件配置

所有节点创建相关目录

mkdir -p /etc/kubernetes/manifests/ /etc/systemd/system/kubelet.service.d /var/lib/kubelet /var/log/kubernetes

apiserver

注意使用的k8s service网段为10.96.0.0/12,该网段不能和宿主机的网段、Pod网段的重复,请按需修改

Master01 配置

[root@k8s-master01 pki]# cat /usr/lib/systemd/system/kube-apiserver.service 

[Unit]
Description=Kubernetes API Server
Documentation=https://github.com/kubernetes/kubernetes
After=network.target

[Service]
ExecStart=/usr/local/bin/kube-apiserver \
      --v=2  \
      --logtostderr=true  \
      --allow-privileged=true  \
      --bind-address=0.0.0.0  \
      --secure-port=6443  \
      --insecure-port=0  \
      --advertise-address=192.168.1.111 \
      --service-cluster-ip-range=10.96.0.0/12  \
      --service-node-port-range=30000-32767  \
      --etcd-servers=https://192.168.1.101:2379,https://192.168.1.102:2379,https://192.168.1.102:2379 \
      --etcd-cafile=/etc/etcd/ssl/etcd-ca.pem  \
      --etcd-certfile=/etc/etcd/ssl/etcd.pem  \
      --etcd-keyfile=/etc/etcd/ssl/etcd-key.pem  \
      --client-ca-file=/etc/kubernetes/pki/ca.pem  \
      --tls-cert-file=/etc/kubernetes/pki/apiserver.pem  \
      --tls-private-key-file=/etc/kubernetes/pki/apiserver-key.pem  \
      --kubelet-client-certificate=/etc/kubernetes/pki/apiserver.pem  \
      --kubelet-client-key=/etc/kubernetes/pki/apiserver-key.pem  \
      --service-account-key-file=/etc/kubernetes/pki/sa.pub  \
      --service-account-signing-key-file=/etc/kubernetes/pki/sa.key  \
      --service-account-issuer=https://kubernetes.default.svc.cluster.local \
      --kubelet-preferred-address-types=InternalIP,ExternalIP,Hostname  \
      --enable-admission-plugins=NamespaceLifecycle,LimitRanger,ServiceAccount,DefaultStorageClass,DefaultTolerationSeconds,NodeRestriction,ResourceQuota  \
      --authorization-mode=Node,RBAC  \
      --enable-bootstrap-token-auth=true  \
      --requestheader-client-ca-file=/etc/kubernetes/pki/front-proxy-ca.pem  \
      --proxy-client-cert-file=/etc/kubernetes/pki/front-proxy-client.pem  \
      --proxy-client-key-file=/etc/kubernetes/pki/front-proxy-client-key.pem  \
      --requestheader-allowed-names=aggregator  \
      --requestheader-group-headers=X-Remote-Group  \
      --requestheader-extra-headers-prefix=X-Remote-Extra-  \
      --requestheader-username-headers=X-Remote-User
      # --token-auth-file=/etc/kubernetes/token.csv

Restart=on-failure
RestartSec=10s
LimitNOFILE=65535

[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target

Master01 配置

[root@k8s-master02 pki]# cat /usr/lib/systemd/system/kube-apiserver.service 

[Unit]
Description=Kubernetes API Server
Documentation=https://github.com/kubernetes/kubernetes
After=network.target

[Service]
ExecStart=/usr/local/bin/kube-apiserver \
      --v=2  \
      --logtostderr=true  \
      --allow-privileged=true  \
      --bind-address=0.0.0.0  \
      --secure-port=6443  \
      --insecure-port=0  \
      --advertise-address=192.168.1.111 \
      --service-cluster-ip-range=10.96.0.0/12  \
      --service-node-port-range=30000-32767  \
      --etcd-servers=https://192.168.1.101:2379,https://192.168.1.102:2379,https://192.168.1.103:2379 \
      --etcd-cafile=/etc/etcd/ssl/etcd-ca.pem  \
      --etcd-certfile=/etc/etcd/ssl/etcd.pem  \
      --etcd-keyfile=/etc/etcd/ssl/etcd-key.pem  \
      --client-ca-file=/etc/kubernetes/pki/ca.pem  \
      --tls-cert-file=/etc/kubernetes/pki/apiserver.pem  \
      --tls-private-key-file=/etc/kubernetes/pki/apiserver-key.pem  \
      --kubelet-client-certificate=/etc/kubernetes/pki/apiserver.pem  \
      --kubelet-client-key=/etc/kubernetes/pki/apiserver-key.pem  \
      --service-account-key-file=/etc/kubernetes/pki/sa.pub  \
      --service-account-signing-key-file=/etc/kubernetes/pki/sa.key  \
      --service-account-issuer=https://kubernetes.default.svc.cluster.local \
      --kubelet-preferred-address-types=InternalIP,ExternalIP,Hostname  \
      --enable-admission-plugins=NamespaceLifecycle,LimitRanger,ServiceAccount,DefaultStorageClass,DefaultTolerationSeconds,NodeRestriction,ResourceQuota  \
      --authorization-mode=Node,RBAC  \
      --enable-bootstrap-token-auth=true  \
      --requestheader-client-ca-file=/etc/kubernetes/pki/front-proxy-ca.pem  \
      --proxy-client-cert-file=/etc/kubernetes/pki/front-proxy-client.pem  \
      --proxy-client-key-file=/etc/kubernetes/pki/front-proxy-client-key.pem  \
      --requestheader-allowed-names=aggregator  \
      --requestheader-group-headers=X-Remote-Group  \
      --requestheader-extra-headers-prefix=X-Remote-Extra-  \
      --requestheader-username-headers=X-Remote-User
      # --token-auth-file=/etc/kubernetes/token.csv

Restart=on-failure
RestartSec=10s
LimitNOFILE=65535

[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target

Master03 配置

[root@k8s-master03 pki]# cat /usr/lib/systemd/system/kube-apiserver.service 

[Unit]
Description=Kubernetes API Server
Documentation=https://github.com/kubernetes/kubernetes
After=network.target

[Service]
ExecStart=/usr/local/bin/kube-apiserver \
      --v=2  \
      --logtostderr=true  \
      --allow-privileged=true  \
      --bind-address=0.0.0.0  \
      --secure-port=6443  \
      --insecure-port=0  \
      --advertise-address=192.168.1.111 \
      --service-cluster-ip-range=10.96.0.0/12  \
      --service-node-port-range=30000-32767  \
      --etcd-servers=https://192.168.1.101:2379,https://192.168.1.102:2379,https://192.168.1.103:2379 \
      --etcd-cafile=/etc/etcd/ssl/etcd-ca.pem  \
      --etcd-certfile=/etc/etcd/ssl/etcd.pem  \
      --etcd-keyfile=/etc/etcd/ssl/etcd-key.pem  \
      --client-ca-file=/etc/kubernetes/pki/ca.pem  \
      --tls-cert-file=/etc/kubernetes/pki/apiserver.pem  \
      --tls-private-key-file=/etc/kubernetes/pki/apiserver-key.pem  \
      --kubelet-client-certificate=/etc/kubernetes/pki/apiserver.pem  \
      --kubelet-client-key=/etc/kubernetes/pki/apiserver-key.pem  \
      --service-account-key-file=/etc/kubernetes/pki/sa.pub  \
      --service-account-signing-key-file=/etc/kubernetes/pki/sa.key  \
      --service-account-issuer=https://kubernetes.default.svc.cluster.local \
      --kubelet-preferred-address-types=InternalIP,ExternalIP,Hostname  \
      --enable-admission-plugins=NamespaceLifecycle,LimitRanger,ServiceAccount,DefaultStorageClass,DefaultTolerationSeconds,NodeRestriction,ResourceQuota  \
      --authorization-mode=Node,RBAC  \
      --enable-bootstrap-token-auth=true  \
      --requestheader-client-ca-file=/etc/kubernetes/pki/front-proxy-ca.pem  \
      --proxy-client-cert-file=/etc/kubernetes/pki/front-proxy-client.pem  \
      --proxy-client-key-file=/etc/kubernetes/pki/front-proxy-client-key.pem  \
      --requestheader-allowed-names=aggregator  \
      --requestheader-group-headers=X-Remote-Group  \
      --requestheader-extra-headers-prefix=X-Remote-Extra-  \
      --requestheader-username-headers=X-Remote-User
      # --token-auth-file=/etc/kubernetes/token.csv

Restart=on-failure
RestartSec=10s
LimitNOFILE=65535

[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target

启动 apiserver

所有Master节点开启kube-apiserver

systemctl daemon-reload && systemctl enable --now kube-apiserver

检测kube-server状态

[root@k8s-master01 ~]# systemctl status kube-apiserver
● kube-apiserver.service - Kubernetes API Server
   Loaded: loaded (/usr/lib/systemd/system/kube-apiserver.service; enabled; vendor preset: disabled)
   Active: active (running) since Fri 2021-11-26 11:41:28 CST; 12h ago
     Docs: https://github.com/kubernetes/kubernetes
 Main PID: 2439 (kube-apiserver)
    Tasks: 9
   Memory: 335.2M
   CGroup: /system.slice/kube-apiserver.service
           └─2439 /usr/local/bin/kube-apiserver --v=2 --logtostderr=true --allow-privileged=true --bind-address=0.0.0.0 --secure-port=6443 --insecure-port=0 --advertise-address=192.168.1.101 --service...

Nov 26 23:45:14 k8s-master01 kube-apiserver[2439]: I1126 23:45:14.215694    2439 clientconn.go:948] ClientConn switching balancer to "pick_first"
Nov 26 23:45:14 k8s-master01 kube-apiserver[2439]: I1126 23:45:14.215982    2439 balancer_conn_wrappers.go:78] pickfirstBalancer: HandleSubConnStateChange: 0xc00b661800, {CONNECTING <nil>}
Nov 26 23:45:14 k8s-master01 kube-apiserver[2439]: I1126 23:45:14.230245    2439 balancer_conn_wrappers.go:78] pickfirstBalancer: HandleSubConnStateChange: 0xc00b661800, {READY <nil>}
Nov 26 23:45:14 k8s-master01 kube-apiserver[2439]: I1126 23:45:14.232556    2439 

ControllerManager

所有Master节点配置kube-controller-manager service

[root@k8s-master01 pki]# cat /usr/lib/systemd/system/kube-controller-manager.service
[Unit]
Description=Kubernetes Controller Manager
Documentation=https://github.com/kubernetes/kubernetes
After=network.target

[Service]
ExecStart=/usr/local/bin/kube-controller-manager \
      --v=2 \
      --logtostderr=true \
      --address=127.0.0.1 \
      --root-ca-file=/etc/kubernetes/pki/ca.pem \
      --cluster-signing-cert-file=/etc/kubernetes/pki/ca.pem \
      --cluster-signing-key-file=/etc/kubernetes/pki/ca-key.pem \
      --service-account-private-key-file=/etc/kubernetes/pki/sa.key \
      --kubeconfig=/etc/kubernetes/controller-manager.kubeconfig \
      --leader-elect=true \
      --use-service-account-credentials=true \
      --node-monitor-grace-period=40s \
      --node-monitor-period=5s \
      --pod-eviction-timeout=2m0s \
      --controllers=*,bootstrapsigner,tokencleaner \
      --allocate-node-cidrs=true \
      --cluster-cidr=172.16.0.0/12 \
      --requestheader-client-ca-file=/etc/kubernetes/pki/front-proxy-ca.pem \
      --node-cidr-mask-size=24
      
Restart=always
RestartSec=10s

[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target

所有Master节点启动kube-controller-manager

[root@k8s-master01 pki]# systemctl daemon-reload

[root@k8s-master01 pki]# systemctl enable --now kube-controller-manager
Created symlink /etc/systemd/system/multi-user.target.wants/kube-controller-manager.service → /usr/lib/systemd/system/kube-controller-manager.service.

查看启动状态

[root@k8s-master01 ~]# systemctl status kube-controller-manager
● kube-controller-manager.service - Kubernetes Controller Manager
   Loaded: loaded (/usr/lib/systemd/system/kube-controller-manager.service; enabled; vendor preset: disabled)
   Active: active (running) since Fri 2021-11-26 11:53:20 CST; 11h ago
     Docs: https://github.com/kubernetes/kubernetes
 Main PID: 2591 (kube-controller)
    Tasks: 6
   Memory: 25.4M
   CGroup: /system.slice/kube-controller-manager.service
           └─2591 /usr/local/bin/kube-controller-manager --v=2 --logtostderr=true --address=127.0.0.1 --root-ca-file=/etc/kubernetes/pki/ca.pem --cluster-signing-cert-file=/etc/kubernetes/pki/ca.pem -...

Nov 26 11:53:21 k8s-master01 kube-controller-manager[2591]: W1126 11:53:21.767575    2591 authorization.go:176] No authorization-kubeconfig provided, so SubjectAccessReview of authorizatio... won't work.
Nov 26 11:53:21 k8s-master01 kube-controller-manager[2591]: I1126 11:53:21.767606    2591 controllermanager.go:176] Version: v1.20.13

Scheduler

所有Master节点配置kube-scheduler service

[root@k8s-master01 pki]# cat /usr/lib/systemd/system/kube-scheduler.service 
[Unit]
Description=Kubernetes Scheduler
Documentation=https://github.com/kubernetes/kubernetes
After=network.target

[Service]
ExecStart=/usr/local/bin/kube-scheduler \
      --v=2 \
      --logtostderr=true \
      --address=127.0.0.1 \
      --leader-elect=true \
      --kubeconfig=/etc/kubernetes/scheduler.kubeconfig

Restart=always
RestartSec=10s

[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target
[root@k8s-master01 pki]# systemctl daemon-reload
[root@k8s-master01 pki]# systemctl enable --now kube-scheduler
Created symlink /etc/systemd/system/multi-user.target.wants/kube-scheduler.service → /usr/lib/systemd/system/kube-scheduler.service.

TLS Bootstrapping 配置

在Master01创建bootstrap

cd /root/k8s-ha-install/bootstrap
kubectl config set-cluster kubernetes     --certificate-authority=/etc/kubernetes/pki/ca.pem     --embed-certs=true     --server=https://192.168.1.111:6443     --kubeconfig=/etc/kubernetes/bootstrap-kubelet.kubeconfig
kubectl config set-credentials tls-bootstrap-token-user     --token=c8ad9c.2e4d610cf3e7426e --kubeconfig=/etc/kubernetes/bootstrap-kubelet.kubeconfig
kubectl config set-context tls-bootstrap-token-user@kubernetes     --cluster=kubernetes     --user=tls-bootstrap-token-user     --kubeconfig=/etc/kubernetes/bootstrap-kubelet.kubeconfig
kubectl config use-context tls-bootstrap-token-user@kubernetes     --kubeconfig=/etc/kubernetes/bootstrap-kubelet.kubeconfig

注意:如果要修改bootstrap.secret.yaml的token-id和token-secret,需要保证下图红圈内的字符串一致的,并且位数是一样的。还要保证上个命令的黄色字体:c8ad9c.2e4d610cf3e7426e与你修改的字符串要一致

[root@k8s-master01 bootstrap]# cat bootstrap.secret.yaml 
apiVersion: v1
kind: Secret
metadata:
  name: bootstrap-token-c8ad9c
  namespace: kube-system
type: bootstrap.kubernetes.io/token
stringData:
  description: "The default bootstrap token generated by 'kubelet '."
  token-id: c8ad9c
  token-secret: 2e4d610cf3e7426e
  usage-bootstrap-authentication: "true"
  usage-bootstrap-signing: "true"
  auth-extra-groups:  system:bootstrappers:default-node-token,system:bootstrappers:worker,system:bootstrappers:ingress
 
---
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1
kind: ClusterRoleBinding
metadata:
  name: kubelet-bootstrap
roleRef:
  apiGroup: rbac.authorization.k8s.io
  kind: ClusterRole
  name: system:node-bootstrapper
subjects:
- apiGroup: rbac.authorization.k8s.io
  kind: Group
  name: system:bootstrappers:default-node-token
---
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1
kind: ClusterRoleBinding
metadata:
  name: node-autoapprove-bootstrap
roleRef:
  apiGroup: rbac.authorization.k8s.io
  kind: ClusterRole
  name: system:certificates.k8s.io:certificatesigningrequests:nodeclient
subjects:
- apiGroup: rbac.authorization.k8s.io
  kind: Group
  name: system:bootstrappers:default-node-token
---
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1
kind: ClusterRoleBinding
metadata:
  name: node-autoapprove-certificate-rotation
roleRef:
  apiGroup: rbac.authorization.k8s.io
  kind: ClusterRole
  name: system:certificates.k8s.io:certificatesigningrequests:selfnodeclient
subjects:
- apiGroup: rbac.authorization.k8s.io
  kind: Group
  name: system:nodes
---
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1
kind: ClusterRole
metadata:
  annotations:
    rbac.authorization.kubernetes.io/autoupdate: "true"
  labels:
    kubernetes.io/bootstrapping: rbac-defaults
  name: system:kube-apiserver-to-kubelet
rules:
  - apiGroups:
      - ""
    resources:
      - nodes/proxy
      - nodes/stats
      - nodes/log
      - nodes/spec
      - nodes/metrics
    verbs:
      - "*"
---
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1
kind: ClusterRoleBinding
metadata:
  name: system:kube-apiserver
  namespace: ""
roleRef:
  apiGroup: rbac.authorization.k8s.io
  kind: ClusterRole
  name: system:kube-apiserver-to-kubelet
subjects:
  - apiGroup: rbac.authorization.k8s.io
    kind: User
    name: kube-apiserver
[root@k8s-master01 bootstrap]# mkdir -p /root/.kube ; cp /etc/kubernetes/admin.kubeconfig /root/.kube/config
[root@k8s-master01 bootstrap]# kubectl create -f bootstrap.secret.yaml 
secret/bootstrap-token-c8ad9c created
clusterrolebinding.rbac.authorization.k8s.io/kubelet-bootstrap created
clusterrolebinding.rbac.authorization.k8s.io/node-autoapprove-bootstrap created
clusterrolebinding.rbac.authorization.k8s.io/node-autoapprove-certificate-rotation created
clusterrole.rbac.authorization.k8s.io/system:kube-apiserver-to-kubelet created
clusterrolebinding.rbac.authorization.k8s.io/system:kube-apiserver created

Node节点配置

分发证书

Master01节点分发证书至Node节点

cd /etc/kubernetes/

for NODE in k8s-master02 k8s-master03 k8s-node01 k8s-node02; do
     ssh $NODE mkdir -p /etc/kubernetes/pki /etc/etcd/ssl /etc/etcd/ssl
     for FILE in etcd-ca.pem etcd.pem etcd-key.pem; do
       scp /etc/etcd/ssl/$FILE $NODE:/etc/etcd/ssl/
     done
     for FILE in pki/ca.pem pki/ca-key.pem pki/front-proxy-ca.pem bootstrap-kubelet.kubeconfig; do
       scp /etc/kubernetes/$FILE $NODE:/etc/kubernetes/${FILE}
 done
 done

kubelet 配置

所有节点创建相关目录

mkdir -p /var/lib/kubelet /var/log/kubernetes /etc/systemd/system/kubelet.service.d /etc/kubernetes/manifests/

所有节点配置kubelet service****

[root@k8s-master01 bootstrap]# vim  /usr/lib/systemd/system/kubelet.service

[Unit]
Description=Kubernetes Kubelet
Documentation=https://github.com/kubernetes/kubernetes
After=docker.service
Requires=docker.service

[Service]
ExecStart=/usr/local/bin/kubelet

Restart=always
StartLimitInterval=0
RestartSec=10

[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target

所有节点配置kubelet service的配置文件

vim /etc/systemd/system/kubelet.service.d/10-kubelet.conf
[Service]
Environment="KUBELET_KUBECONFIG_ARGS=--bootstrap-kubeconfig=/etc/kubernetes/bootstrap-kubelet.kubeconfig --kubeconfig=/etc/kubernetes/kubelet.kubeconfig"
Environment="KUBELET_SYSTEM_ARGS=--network-plugin=cni --cni-conf-dir=/etc/cni/net.d --cni-bin-dir=/opt/cni/bin"
Environment="KUBELET_CONFIG_ARGS=--config=/etc/kubernetes/kubelet-conf.yml --pod-infra-container-image=registry.cn-hangzhou.aliyuncs.com/google_containers/pause-amd64:3.2"
Environment="KUBELET_EXTRA_ARGS=--node-labels=node.kubernetes.io/node='' "
ExecStart=
ExecStart=/usr/local/bin/kubelet $KUBELET_KUBECONFIG_ARGS $KUBELET_CONFIG_ARGS $KUBELET_SYSTEM_ARGS $KUBELET_EXTRA_ARGS

创建kubelet的配置文件

注意:如果更改了k8s的service网段,需要更改kubelet-conf.yml 的clusterDNS:配置,改成k8s Service网段的第十个地址,比如10.96.0.10

[root@k8s-master01 bootstrap]# vim /etc/kubernetes/kubelet-conf.yml
apiVersion: kubelet.config.k8s.io/v1beta1
kind: KubeletConfiguration
address: 0.0.0.0
port: 10250
readOnlyPort: 10255
authentication:
  anonymous:
    enabled: false
  webhook:
    cacheTTL: 2m0s
    enabled: true
  x509:
    clientCAFile: /etc/kubernetes/pki/ca.pem
authorization:
  mode: Webhook
  webhook:
    cacheAuthorizedTTL: 5m0s
    cacheUnauthorizedTTL: 30s
cgroupDriver: systemd
cgroupsPerQOS: true
clusterDNS:
- 10.96.0.10
clusterDomain: cluster.local
containerLogMaxFiles: 5
containerLogMaxSize: 10Mi
contentType: application/vnd.kubernetes.protobuf
cpuCFSQuota: true
cpuManagerPolicy: none
cpuManagerReconcilePeriod: 10s
enableControllerAttachDetach: true
enableDebuggingHandlers: true
enforceNodeAllocatable:
- pods
eventBurst: 10
eventRecordQPS: 5
evictionHard:
  imagefs.available: 15%
  memory.available: 100Mi
  nodefs.available: 10%
  nodefs.inodesFree: 5%
evictionPressureTransitionPeriod: 5m0s
failSwapOn: true
fileCheckFrequency: 20s
hairpinMode: promiscuous-bridge
healthzBindAddress: 127.0.0.1
healthzPort: 10248
httpCheckFrequency: 20s
imageGCHighThresholdPercent: 85
imageGCLowThresholdPercent: 80
imageMinimumGCAge: 2m0s
iptablesDropBit: 15
iptablesMasqueradeBit: 14
kubeAPIBurst: 10
kubeAPIQPS: 5
makeIPTablesUtilChains: true
maxOpenFiles: 1000000
maxPods: 110
nodeStatusUpdateFrequency: 10s
oomScoreAdj: -999
podPidsLimit: -1
registryBurst: 10
registryPullQPS: 5
resolvConf: /etc/resolv.conf
rotateCertificates: true
runtimeRequestTimeout: 2m0s
serializeImagePulls: true
staticPodPath: /etc/kubernetes/manifests
streamingConnectionIdleTimeout: 4h0m0s
syncFrequency: 1m0s
volumeStatsAggPeriod: 1m0s

启动所有节点kubelet

systemctl daemon-reload
systemctl enable --now kubelet

此时系统日志/var/log/messages

Unable to update cni config: no networks found in /etc/cni/net.d 显示只有如下信息为正常

kube-proxy 配置

以下操作在Master01执行

kubectl -n kube-system create serviceaccount kube-proxy
kubectl create clusterrolebinding system:kube-proxy         --clusterrole system:node-proxier         --serviceaccount kube-system:kube-proxy
SECRET=$(kubectl -n kube-system get sa/kube-proxy \
    --output=jsonpath='{.secrets[0].name}')
JWT_TOKEN=$(kubectl -n kube-system get secret/$SECRET \
--output=jsonpath='{.data.token}' | base64 -d)
PKI_DIR=/etc/kubernetes/pki
K8S_DIR=/etc/kubernetes
kubectl config set-cluster kubernetes     --certificate-authority=/etc/kubernetes/pki/ca.pem     --embed-certs=true     --server=https://192.168.1.111:6443     --kubeconfig=${K8S_DIR}/kube-proxy.kubeconfig
kubectl config set-credentials kubernetes     --token=${JWT_TOKEN}     --kubeconfig=/etc/kubernetes/kube-proxy.kubeconfig
kubectl config set-context kubernetes     --cluster=kubernetes     --user=kubernetes     --kubeconfig=/etc/kubernetes/kube-proxy.kubeconfig
kubectl config use-context kubernetes     --kubeconfig=/etc/kubernetes/kube-proxy.kubeconfig

在master01将kube-proxy的systemd Service文件发送到其他节点

如果更改了集群Pod的网段,需要更改kube-proxy/kube-proxy.conf的clusterCIDR: 172.16.0.0/12参数为pod的网段。

for NODE in k8s-master01 k8s-master02 k8s-master03; do
     scp ${K8S_DIR}/kube-proxy.kubeconfig $NODE:/etc/kubernetes/kube-proxy.kubeconfig
     scp kube-proxy/kube-proxy.conf $NODE:/etc/kubernetes/kube-proxy.conf
     scp kube-proxy/kube-proxy.service $NODE:/usr/lib/systemd/system/kube-proxy.service
 done


for NODE in k8s-node01 k8s-node02; do
     scp /etc/kubernetes/kube-proxy.kubeconfig $NODE:/etc/kubernetes/kube-proxy.kubeconfig
     scp kube-proxy/kube-proxy.conf $NODE:/etc/kubernetes/kube-proxy.conf
     scp kube-proxy/kube-proxy.service $NODE:/usr/lib/systemd/system/kube-proxy.service
 done

所有节点启动kube-proxy

[root@k8s-master01 k8s-ha-install]# systemctl daemon-reload
[root@k8s-master01 k8s-ha-install]# systemctl enable --now kube-proxy
Created symlink /etc/systemd/system/multi-user.target.wants/kube-proxy.service → /usr/lib/systemd/system/kube-proxy.service.

安装 Calico

以下步骤只在master01执行

$ cat calico-etcd.yaml
---
# Source: calico/templates/calico-etcd-secrets.yaml
# The following contains k8s Secrets for use with a TLS enabled etcd cluster.
# For information on populating Secrets, see http://kubernetes.io/docs/user-guide/secrets/
apiVersion: v1
kind: Secret
type: Opaque
metadata:
  name: calico-etcd-secrets
  namespace: kube-system
data:
  # Populate the following with etcd TLS configuration if desired, but leave blank if
  # not using TLS for etcd.
  # The keys below should be uncommented and the values populated with the base64
  # encoded contents of each file that would be associated with the TLS data.
  # Example command for encoding a file contents: cat <file> | base64 -w 0
  # etcd-key: null
  # etcd-cert: null
  # etcd-ca: null
---
# Source: calico/templates/calico-config.yaml
# This ConfigMap is used to configure a self-hosted Calico installation.
kind: ConfigMap
apiVersion: v1
metadata:
  name: calico-config
  namespace: kube-system
data:
  # Configure this with the location of your etcd cluster.
  etcd_endpoints: "http://<ETCD_IP>:<ETCD_PORT>"
  # If you're using TLS enabled etcd uncomment the following.
  # You must also populate the Secret below with these files.
  etcd_ca: ""   # "/calico-secrets/etcd-ca"
  etcd_cert: "" # "/calico-secrets/etcd-cert"
  etcd_key: ""  # "/calico-secrets/etcd-key"
  # Typha is disabled.
  typha_service_name: "none"
  # Configure the backend to use.
  calico_backend: "bird"
  # Configure the MTU to use for workload interfaces and tunnels.
  # - If Wireguard is enabled, set to your network MTU - 60
  # - Otherwise, if VXLAN or BPF mode is enabled, set to your network MTU - 50
  # - Otherwise, if IPIP is enabled, set to your network MTU - 20
  # - Otherwise, if not using any encapsulation, set to your network MTU.
  veth_mtu: "1440"

  # The CNI network configuration to install on each node. The special
  # values in this config will be automatically populated.
  cni_network_config: |-
    {
      "name": "k8s-pod-network",
      "cniVersion": "0.3.1",
      "plugins": [
        {
          "type": "calico",
          "log_level": "info",
          "etcd_endpoints": "__ETCD_ENDPOINTS__",
          "etcd_key_file": "__ETCD_KEY_FILE__",
          "etcd_cert_file": "__ETCD_CERT_FILE__",
          "etcd_ca_cert_file": "__ETCD_CA_CERT_FILE__",
          "mtu": __CNI_MTU__,
          "ipam": {
              "type": "calico-ipam"
          },
          "policy": {
              "type": "k8s"
          },
          "kubernetes": {
              "kubeconfig": "__KUBECONFIG_FILEPATH__"
          }
        },
        {
          "type": "portmap",
          "snat": true,
          "capabilities": {"portMappings": true}
        },
        {
          "type": "bandwidth",
          "capabilities": {"bandwidth": true}
        }
      ]
    }
---
# Source: calico/templates/calico-kube-controllers-rbac.yaml

# Include a clusterrole for the kube-controllers component,
# and bind it to the calico-kube-controllers serviceaccount.
kind: ClusterRole
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1
metadata:
  name: calico-kube-controllers
rules:
  # Pods are monitored for changing labels.
  # The node controller monitors Kubernetes nodes.
  # Namespace and serviceaccount labels are used for policy.
  - apiGroups: [""]
    resources:
      - pods
      - nodes
      - namespaces
      - serviceaccounts
    verbs:
      - watch
      - list
      - get
  # Watch for changes to Kubernetes NetworkPolicies.
  - apiGroups: ["networking.k8s.io"]
    resources:
      - networkpolicies
    verbs:
      - watch
      - list
---
kind: ClusterRoleBinding
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1
metadata:
  name: calico-kube-controllers
roleRef:
  apiGroup: rbac.authorization.k8s.io
  kind: ClusterRole
  name: calico-kube-controllers
subjects:
- kind: ServiceAccount
  name: calico-kube-controllers
  namespace: kube-system
---

---
# Source: calico/templates/calico-node-rbac.yaml
# Include a clusterrole for the calico-node DaemonSet,
# and bind it to the calico-node serviceaccount.
kind: ClusterRole
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1
metadata:
  name: calico-node
rules:
  # The CNI plugin needs to get pods, nodes, and namespaces.
  - apiGroups: [""]
    resources:
      - pods
      - nodes
      - namespaces
    verbs:
      - get
  - apiGroups: [""]
    resources:
      - endpoints
      - services
    verbs:
      # Used to discover service IPs for advertisement.
      - watch
      - list
  # Pod CIDR auto-detection on kubeadm needs access to config maps.
  - apiGroups: [""]
    resources:
      - configmaps
    verbs:
      - get
  - apiGroups: [""]
    resources:
      - nodes/status
    verbs:
      # Needed for clearing NodeNetworkUnavailable flag.
      - patch

---
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1
kind: ClusterRoleBinding
metadata:
  name: calico-node
roleRef:
  apiGroup: rbac.authorization.k8s.io
  kind: ClusterRole
  name: calico-node
subjects:
- kind: ServiceAccount
  name: calico-node
  namespace: kube-system

---
# Source: calico/templates/calico-node.yaml
# This manifest installs the calico-node container, as well
# as the CNI plugins and network config on
# each master and worker node in a Kubernetes cluster.
kind: DaemonSet
apiVersion: apps/v1
metadata:
  name: calico-node
  namespace: kube-system
  labels:
    k8s-app: calico-node
spec:
  selector:
    matchLabels:
      k8s-app: calico-node
  updateStrategy:
    type: RollingUpdate
    rollingUpdate:
      maxUnavailable: 1
  template:
    metadata:
      labels:
        k8s-app: calico-node
    spec:
      nodeSelector:
        kubernetes.io/os: linux
      hostNetwork: true
      tolerations:
        # Make sure calico-node gets scheduled on all nodes.
        - effect: NoSchedule
          operator: Exists
        # Mark the pod as a critical add-on for rescheduling.
        - key: CriticalAddonsOnly
          operator: Exists
        - effect: NoExecute
          operator: Exists
      serviceAccountName: calico-node
      # Minimize downtime during a rolling upgrade or deletion; tell Kubernetes to do a "force
      # deletion": https://kubernetes.io/docs/concepts/workloads/pods/pod/#termination-of-pods.
      terminationGracePeriodSeconds: 0
      priorityClassName: system-node-critical
      initContainers:
        # This container installs the CNI binaries
        # and CNI network config file on each node.
        - name: install-cni
          image: registry.cn-beijing.aliyuncs.com/dotbalo/cni:v3.15.3
          command: ["/install-cni.sh"]
          env:
            # Name of the CNI config file to create.
            - name: CNI_CONF_NAME
              value: "10-calico.conflist"
            # The CNI network config to install on each node.
            - name: CNI_NETWORK_CONFIG
              valueFrom:
                configMapKeyRef:
                  name: calico-config
                  key: cni_network_config
            # The location of the etcd cluster.
            - name: ETCD_ENDPOINTS
              valueFrom:
                configMapKeyRef:
                  name: calico-config
                  key: etcd_endpoints
            # CNI MTU Config variable
            - name: CNI_MTU
              valueFrom:
                configMapKeyRef:
                  name: calico-config
                  key: veth_mtu
            # Prevents the container from sleeping forever.
            - name: SLEEP
              value: "false"
          volumeMounts:
            - mountPath: /host/opt/cni/bin
              name: cni-bin-dir
            - mountPath: /host/etc/cni/net.d
              name: cni-net-dir
            - mountPath: /calico-secrets
              name: etcd-certs
          securityContext:
            privileged: true
        # Adds a Flex Volume Driver that creates a per-pod Unix Domain Socket to allow Dikastes
        # to communicate with Felix over the Policy Sync API.
        - name: flexvol-driver
          image: registry.cn-beijing.aliyuncs.com/dotbalo/pod2daemon-flexvol:v3.15.3
          volumeMounts:
          - name: flexvol-driver-host
            mountPath: /host/driver
          securityContext:
            privileged: true
      containers:
        # Runs calico-node container on each Kubernetes node. This
        # container programs network policy and routes on each
        # host.
        - name: calico-node
          image: registry.cn-beijing.aliyuncs.com/dotbalo/node:v3.15.3
          env:
            # The location of the etcd cluster.
            - name: ETCD_ENDPOINTS
              valueFrom:
                configMapKeyRef:
                  name: calico-config
                  key: etcd_endpoints
            # Location of the CA certificate for etcd.
            - name: ETCD_CA_CERT_FILE
              valueFrom:
                configMapKeyRef:
                  name: calico-config
                  key: etcd_ca
            # Location of the client key for etcd.
            - name: ETCD_KEY_FILE
              valueFrom:
                configMapKeyRef:
                  name: calico-config
                  key: etcd_key
            # Location of the client certificate for etcd.
            - name: ETCD_CERT_FILE
              valueFrom:
                configMapKeyRef:
                  name: calico-config
                  key: etcd_cert
            # Set noderef for node controller.
            - name: CALICO_K8S_NODE_REF
              valueFrom:
                fieldRef:
                  fieldPath: spec.nodeName
            # Choose the backend to use.
            - name: CALICO_NETWORKING_BACKEND
              valueFrom:
                configMapKeyRef:
                  name: calico-config
                  key: calico_backend
            # Cluster type to identify the deployment type
            - name: CLUSTER_TYPE
              value: "k8s,bgp"
            # Auto-detect the BGP IP address.
            - name: IP
              value: "autodetect"
            # Enable IPIP
            - name: CALICO_IPV4POOL_IPIP
              value: "Always"
            # Enable or Disable VXLAN on the default IP pool.
            - name: CALICO_IPV4POOL_VXLAN
              value: "Never"
            # Set MTU for tunnel device used if ipip is enabled
            - name: FELIX_IPINIPMTU
              valueFrom:
                configMapKeyRef:
                  name: calico-config
                  key: veth_mtu
            # Set MTU for the VXLAN tunnel device.
            - name: FELIX_VXLANMTU
              valueFrom:
                configMapKeyRef:
                  name: calico-config
                  key: veth_mtu
            # Set MTU for the Wireguard tunnel device.
            - name: FELIX_WIREGUARDMTU
              valueFrom:
                configMapKeyRef:
                  name: calico-config
                  key: veth_mtu
            # The default IPv4 pool to create on startup if none exists. Pod IPs will be
            # chosen from this range. Changing this value after installation will have
            # no effect. This should fall within `--cluster-cidr`.
            # - name: CALICO_IPV4POOL_CIDR
            #   value: "192.168.0.0/16"
            # Disable file logging so `kubectl logs` works.
            - name: CALICO_DISABLE_FILE_LOGGING
              value: "true"
            # Set Felix endpoint to host default action to ACCEPT.
            - name: FELIX_DEFAULTENDPOINTTOHOSTACTION
              value: "ACCEPT"
            # Disable IPv6 on Kubernetes.
            - name: FELIX_IPV6SUPPORT
              value: "false"
            # Set Felix logging to "info"
            - name: FELIX_LOGSEVERITYSCREEN
              value: "info"
            - name: FELIX_HEALTHENABLED
              value: "true"
          securityContext:
            privileged: true
          resources:
            requests:
              cpu: 250m
          livenessProbe:
            exec:
              command:
              - /bin/calico-node
              - -felix-live
              - -bird-live
            periodSeconds: 10
            initialDelaySeconds: 10
            failureThreshold: 6
          readinessProbe:
            exec:
              command:
              - /bin/calico-node
              - -felix-ready
              - -bird-ready
            periodSeconds: 10
          volumeMounts:
            - mountPath: /lib/modules
              name: lib-modules
              readOnly: true
            - mountPath: /run/xtables.lock
              name: xtables-lock
              readOnly: false
            - mountPath: /var/run/calico
              name: var-run-calico
              readOnly: false
            - mountPath: /var/lib/calico
              name: var-lib-calico
              readOnly: false
            - mountPath: /calico-secrets
              name: etcd-certs
            - name: policysync
              mountPath: /var/run/nodeagent
      volumes:
        # Used by calico-node.
        - name: lib-modules
          hostPath:
            path: /lib/modules
        - name: var-run-calico
          hostPath:
            path: /var/run/calico
        - name: var-lib-calico
          hostPath:
            path: /var/lib/calico
        - name: xtables-lock
          hostPath:
            path: /run/xtables.lock
            type: FileOrCreate
        # Used to install CNI.
        - name: cni-bin-dir
          hostPath:
            path: /opt/cni/bin
        - name: cni-net-dir
          hostPath:
            path: /etc/cni/net.d
        # Mount in the etcd TLS secrets with mode 400.
        # See https://kubernetes.io/docs/concepts/configuration/secret/
        - name: etcd-certs
          secret:
            secretName: calico-etcd-secrets
            defaultMode: 0400
        # Used to create per-pod Unix Domain Sockets
        - name: policysync
          hostPath:
            type: DirectoryOrCreate
            path: /var/run/nodeagent
        # Used to install Flex Volume Driver
        - name: flexvol-driver-host
          hostPath:
            type: DirectoryOrCreate
            path: /usr/libexec/kubernetes/kubelet-plugins/volume/exec/nodeagent~uds
---

apiVersion: v1
kind: ServiceAccount
metadata:
  name: calico-node
  namespace: kube-system

---
# Source: calico/templates/calico-kube-controllers.yaml
# See https://github.com/projectcalico/kube-controllers
apiVersion: apps/v1
kind: Deployment
metadata:
  name: calico-kube-controllers
  namespace: kube-system
  labels:
    k8s-app: calico-kube-controllers
spec:
  # The controllers can only have a single active instance.
  replicas: 1
  selector:
    matchLabels:
      k8s-app: calico-kube-controllers
  strategy:
    type: Recreate
  template:
    metadata:
      name: calico-kube-controllers
      namespace: kube-system
      labels:
        k8s-app: calico-kube-controllers
    spec:
      nodeSelector:
        kubernetes.io/os: linux
      tolerations:
        # Mark the pod as a critical add-on for rescheduling.
        - key: CriticalAddonsOnly
          operator: Exists
        - key: node-role.kubernetes.io/master
          effect: NoSchedule
      serviceAccountName: calico-kube-controllers
      priorityClassName: system-cluster-critical
      # The controllers must run in the host network namespace so that
      # it isn't governed by policy that would prevent it from working.
      hostNetwork: true
      containers:
        - name: calico-kube-controllers
          image: registry.cn-beijing.aliyuncs.com/dotbalo/kube-controllers:v3.15.3
          env:
            # The location of the etcd cluster.
            - name: ETCD_ENDPOINTS
              valueFrom:
                configMapKeyRef:
                  name: calico-config
                  key: etcd_endpoints
            # Location of the CA certificate for etcd.
            - name: ETCD_CA_CERT_FILE
              valueFrom:
                configMapKeyRef:
                  name: calico-config
                  key: etcd_ca
            # Location of the client key for etcd.
            - name: ETCD_KEY_FILE
              valueFrom:
                configMapKeyRef:
                  name: calico-config
                  key: etcd_key
            # Location of the client certificate for etcd.
            - name: ETCD_CERT_FILE
              valueFrom:
                configMapKeyRef:
                  name: calico-config
                  key: etcd_cert
            # Choose which controllers to run.
            - name: ENABLED_CONTROLLERS
              value: policy,namespace,serviceaccount,workloadendpoint,node
          volumeMounts:
            # Mount in the etcd TLS secrets.
            - mountPath: /calico-secrets
              name: etcd-certs
          readinessProbe:
            exec:
              command:
              - /usr/bin/check-status
              - -r
      volumes:
        # Mount in the etcd TLS secrets with mode 400.
        # See https://kubernetes.io/docs/concepts/configuration/secret/
        - name: etcd-certs
          secret:
            secretName: calico-etcd-secrets
            defaultMode: 0400

---

apiVersion: v1
kind: ServiceAccount
metadata:
  name: calico-kube-controllers
  namespace: kube-system

---
# Source: calico/templates/calico-typha.yaml

---
# Source: calico/templates/configure-canal.yaml

---
# Source: calico/templates/kdd-crds.yaml

修改calico-etcd.yaml的以下位置

sed -i 's#etcd_endpoints: "http://<ETCD_IP>:<ETCD_PORT>"#etcd_endpoints: "https://192.168.1.101:2379,https://192.168.1.102:2379,https://192.168.1.103:2379"#g' calico-etcd.yaml

ETCD_CA=`cat /etc/kubernetes/pki/etcd/etcd-ca.pem | base64 | tr -d '\n'`
ETCD_CERT=`cat /etc/kubernetes/pki/etcd/etcd.pem | base64 | tr -d '\n'`
ETCD_KEY=`cat /etc/kubernetes/pki/etcd/etcd-key.pem | base64 | tr -d '\n'`

sed -i "s@# etcd-key: null@etcd-key: ${ETCD_KEY}@g; s@# etcd-cert: null@etcd-cert: ${ETCD_CERT}@g; s@# etcd-ca: null@etcd-ca: ${ETCD_CA}@g" calico-etcd.yaml


sed -i 's#etcd_ca: ""#etcd_ca: "/calico-secrets/etcd-ca"#g; s#etcd_cert: ""#etcd_cert: "/calico-secrets/etcd-cert"#g; s#etcd_key: "" #etcd_key: "/calico-secrets/etcd-key" #g' calico-etcd.yaml

# 更改此处为自己的pod网段
POD_SUBNET="172.16.0.0/12"

sed -i 's@# - name: CALICO_IPV4POOL_CIDR@- name: CALICO_IPV4POOL_CIDR@g; s@#   value: "192.168.0.0/16"@  value: '"${POD_SUBNET}"'@g' calico-etcd.yaml

kubectl apply -f calico-etcd.yaml

# 查看容器状态
[root@k8s-master01 calico]# kubectl  get po -n kube-system

安装 CoreDNS

git clone https://github.com/coredns/deployment.git
cd deployment/kubernetes
# ./deploy.sh -s -i 10.96.0.10 | kubectl apply -f -
serviceaccount/coredns created
clusterrole.rbac.authorization.k8s.io/system:coredns created
clusterrolebinding.rbac.authorization.k8s.io/system:coredns created
configmap/coredns created
deployment.apps/coredns created
service/kube-dns created
查看状态
 # kubectl get po -n kube-system -l k8s-app=kube-dns
NAME                       READY   STATUS    RESTARTS   AGE
coredns-85b4878f78-h29kh   1/1     Running   0          8h

安装 Metrics Server

cat metrics-server.yml
apiVersion: v1
kind: ServiceAccount
metadata:
  labels:
    k8s-app: metrics-server
  name: metrics-server
  namespace: kube-system
---
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1
kind: ClusterRole
metadata:
  labels:
    k8s-app: metrics-server
    rbac.authorization.k8s.io/aggregate-to-admin: "true"
    rbac.authorization.k8s.io/aggregate-to-edit: "true"
    rbac.authorization.k8s.io/aggregate-to-view: "true"
  name: system:aggregated-metrics-reader
rules:
  - apiGroups:
      - metrics.k8s.io
    resources:
      - pods
      - nodes
    verbs:
      - get
      - list
      - watch
---
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1
kind: ClusterRole
metadata:
  labels:
    k8s-app: metrics-server
  name: system:metrics-server
rules:
  - apiGroups:
      - ""
    resources:
      - pods
      - nodes
      - nodes/stats
      - namespaces
      - configmaps
    verbs:
      - get
      - list
      - watch
---
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1
kind: RoleBinding
metadata:
  labels:
    k8s-app: metrics-server
  name: metrics-server-auth-reader
  namespace: kube-system
roleRef:
  apiGroup: rbac.authorization.k8s.io
  kind: Role
  name: extension-apiserver-authentication-reader
subjects:
  - kind: ServiceAccount
    name: metrics-server
    namespace: kube-system
---
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1
kind: ClusterRoleBinding
metadata:
  labels:
    k8s-app: metrics-server
  name: metrics-server:system:auth-delegator
roleRef:
  apiGroup: rbac.authorization.k8s.io
  kind: ClusterRole
  name: system:auth-delegator
subjects:
  - kind: ServiceAccount
    name: metrics-server
    namespace: kube-system
---
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1
kind: ClusterRoleBinding
metadata:
  labels:
    k8s-app: metrics-server
  name: system:metrics-server
roleRef:
  apiGroup: rbac.authorization.k8s.io
  kind: ClusterRole
  name: system:metrics-server
subjects:
  - kind: ServiceAccount
    name: metrics-server
    namespace: kube-system
---
apiVersion: v1
kind: Service
metadata:
  labels:
    k8s-app: metrics-server
  name: metrics-server
  namespace: kube-system
spec:
  ports:
    - name: https
      port: 443
      protocol: TCP
      targetPort: https
  selector:
    k8s-app: metrics-server
---
apiVersion: apps/v1
kind: Deployment
metadata:
  labels:
    k8s-app: metrics-server
  name: metrics-server
  namespace: kube-system
spec:
  selector:
    matchLabels:
      k8s-app: metrics-server
  strategy:
    rollingUpdate:
      maxUnavailable: 0
  template:
    metadata:
      labels:
        k8s-app: metrics-server
    spec:
      containers:
        - args:
            - --cert-dir=/tmp
            - --secure-port=4443
            - --metric-resolution=30s
            - --kubelet-insecure-tls
            - --kubelet-preferred-address-types=InternalIP,ExternalIP,Hostname
            - --requestheader-client-ca-file=/etc/kubernetes/pki/front-proxy-ca.pem # change to front-proxy-ca.crt for kubeadm
            - --requestheader-username-headers=X-Remote-User
            - --requestheader-group-headers=X-Remote-Group
            - --requestheader-extra-headers-prefix=X-Remote-Extra-
          image: registry.cn-beijing.aliyuncs.com/dotbalo/metrics-server:v0.4.1
          imagePullPolicy: IfNotPresent
          livenessProbe:
            failureThreshold: 3
            httpGet:
              path: /livez
              port: https
              scheme: HTTPS
            periodSeconds: 10
          name: metrics-server
          ports:
            - containerPort: 4443
              name: https
              protocol: TCP
          readinessProbe:
            failureThreshold: 3
            httpGet:
              path: /readyz
              port: https
              scheme: HTTPS
            periodSeconds: 10
          securityContext:
            readOnlyRootFilesystem: true
            runAsNonRoot: true
            runAsUser: 1000
          volumeMounts:
            - mountPath: /tmp
              name: tmp-dir
            - name: ca-ssl
              mountPath: /etc/kubernetes/pki
      nodeSelector:
        kubernetes.io/os: linux
      priorityClassName: system-cluster-critical
      serviceAccountName: metrics-server
      volumes:
        - emptyDir: {}
          name: tmp-dir
        - name: ca-ssl
          hostPath:
            path: /etc/kubernetes/pki
---
apiVersion: apiregistration.k8s.io/v1
kind: APIService
metadata:
  labels:
    k8s-app: metrics-server
  name: v1beta1.metrics.k8s.io
spec:
  group: metrics.k8s.io
  groupPriorityMinimum: 100
  insecureSkipTLSVerify: true
  service:
    name: metrics-server
    namespace: kube-system
  version: v1beta1
  versionPriority: 100
kubectl  create -f metrics-server.yml
serviceaccount/metrics-server created
clusterrole.rbac.authorization.k8s.io/system:aggregated-metrics-reader created
clusterrole.rbac.authorization.k8s.io/system:metrics-server created
rolebinding.rbac.authorization.k8s.io/metrics-server-auth-reader created
clusterrolebinding.rbac.authorization.k8s.io/metrics-server:system:auth-delegator created
clusterrolebinding.rbac.authorization.k8s.io/system:metrics-server created
service/metrics-server created
deployment.apps/metrics-server created
apiservice.apiregistration.k8s.io/v1beta1.metrics.k8s.io created

# 等待metrics server启动然后查看状态
[root@k8s-master01 ~]# kubectl  top node
NAME           CPU(cores)   CPU%   MEMORY(bytes)   MEMORY%   
k8s-master01   231m         5%     1620Mi          42%       
k8s-master02   274m         6%     1203Mi          31%       
k8s-master03   202m         5%     1251Mi          32%       
k8s-node01     69m          1%     667Mi           17%       
k8s-node02     73m          1%     650Mi           16%

集群验证

[root@k8s-master01 ~]# kubectl get nodes
NAME           STATUS   ROLES    AGE     VERSION
k8s-master01   Ready    <none>   9h      v1.20.13
k8s-master02   Ready    <none>   9h      v1.20.13
k8s-master03   Ready    <none>   9h      v1.20.13
k8s-node01     Ready    <none>   6h22m   v1.20.13
k8s-node02     Ready    <none>   6h23m   v1.20.13

[root@k8s-master01 ~]# kubectl get cs
Warning: v1 ComponentStatus is deprecated in v1.19+
NAME                 STATUS    MESSAGE             ERROR
scheduler            Healthy   ok                  
controller-manager   Healthy   ok                  
etcd-0               Healthy   {"health":"true"}   
etcd-2               Healthy   {"health":"true"}   
etcd-1               Healthy   {"health":"true"}  

# 如上查看集群状态一切正常 

# 接下来运行个Pod验证下
cat<<EOF | kubectl apply -f -
apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
  name: busybox
  namespace: default
spec:
  containers:
  - name: busybox
    image: busybox:1.28
    command:
      - sleep
      - "3600"
    imagePullPolicy: IfNotPresent
  restartPolicy: Always
EOF
[root@k8s-master01 ~]# kubectl get pods
NAME      READY   STATUS    RESTARTS   AGE
busybox   1/1     Running   0          21s
[root@k8s-master01 ~]# kubectl exec -it busybox sh
kubectl exec [POD] [COMMAND] is DEPRECATED and will be removed in a future version. Use kubectl exec [POD] -- [COMMAND] instead.
/ # ping www.baidu.com
PING www.baidu.com (180.101.49.11): 56 data bytes
64 bytes from 180.101.49.11: seq=1 ttl=49 time=12.058 ms
^C
--- www.baidu.com ping statistics ---
2 packets transmitted, 1 packets received, 50% packet loss
round-trip min/avg/max = 12.058/12.058/12.058 ms
/ # ping busybox
PING busybox (172.17.125.1): 56 data bytes
64 bytes from 172.17.125.1: seq=0 ttl=64 time=0.050 ms
64 bytes from 172.17.125.1: seq=1 ttl=64 time=0.062 ms
64 bytes from 172.17.125.1: seq=2 ttl=64 time=0.050 ms
^C
--- busybox ping statistics ---
3 packets transmitted, 3 packets received, 0% packet loss
round-trip min/avg/max = 0.050/0.054/0.062 ms

# 运行Pod验证一切正常
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